Hegira 3rd century / AD 9th century
Textile, cloth, wool
Oblong, length 74 cm width 13 cm
The many different colours of the fragment combine serenely and harmoniously. The mainly red of beige background is decorated with strips containing geometric motifs (mostly medallions) alternating with floral patterns (stylised scrolled stalks and leaves) and highly stylised birds.
The motifs are mainly in blue (indigo), yellow (saffron), and red (cochineal dye or lacquer). Beige-green and other colours accompany these.
The cloth is woven in the manner used by Coptic weavers over several centuries. This fragment appears to come from high Egypt, well-known since ancient times for its weaving of wool.
The type of weaving and the decoration are similar to those found in Egyptian tiraz dating from the same Tulunid era in the 3rd / 9th century.
The cloth fragment was bought in 1958 by the late H. H. Abdelwahab, former Director of the National Institute of Art and Archaeology, from an Egyptian antique dealer. He then donated it to the Ribat Museum at Monastir.
The type of weaving and the decoration are similar to those found in Egyptian tiraz dating from the same era.
Mourad Rammah "Cloth fragment" in Discover Islamic Art , Museum With No Frontiers, 2018. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;ISL;tn;Mus01_B;49;en&id=textiles
Prepared by: Mourad RammahMourad Rammah
Né en 1953 à Kairouan, docteur en archéologie islamique, Mourad Rammah est le conservateur de la médina de Kairouan. Lauréat du prix Agha Khan d'architecture, il publie divers articles sur l'histoire de l'archéologie médiévale islamique en Tunisie et participe à différentes expositions sur l'architecture islamique. De 1982 à 1994, il est en charge du département de muséographie du Centre des arts et des civilisations islamiques. Mourad Rammah est également directeur du Centre des manuscrits de Kairouan.
Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: David Ash
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: TN 77