Photograph: Elke Estel / Hans Peter Klut,  © Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden


Name of Object:

Flügelaltar (engl. Winged Altar)

Location:

Dresden, Germany

Holding Museum:

Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister (Old Masters Picture Gallery), Dresden State Art Collections

Date:

1437

Type of object:

Painting

Artists:

Jan van Eyck (1390, Maaseik-1441, Bruges)

Museum Inventory Number:

Gal.-Nr. 799

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Oil on wood

Dimensions:

Central Panel: H: 33,2cm, W: 27,2cm; Left Wing: H: 33,2cm, W: 13,9cm; Right Wing: H: 33,2cm, W: 13,7cm

Provenance:

Dutch

Description:

The creator of this triptych, which was intended as a small travel altar for private prayer, was Jan van Eyck, the most important representative of Old Netherlandish painting. Characteristic features of his new artistic style are the miniature-like, extremely realistic rendering of details and the use of brilliant colours. Enthroned in the centre of the Basilica is the Madonna with her son, the infant Christ. Stretched out at her feet is a precious woven carpet. It has a rhombic pattern featuring eight-pointed stars set in circles. Its intense colours contrast with the muted hues of the ingeniously patterned floor tiles.

How date and origin were established:

Artist signature: "Johannes de eyck me fecit et c(o)mplevit Anno Dm M• CCCC• XXXVII• ALC• IXH• XAN"

How Object was obtained:

This travel altar is known to have been in Dresden since it was first mentioned in the 1754 inventory-where it was still recorded as a work of Dürer.

How provenance was established:

Research and documentary evidence

Selected bibliography:

Campbell, Lorne, "Jan Van Eyck. Dresden and Bruges", The Burlington Magazine, 148. 1235 (February 2006): 138–140.
Ketelsen, Th., and Neidhardt, U. et al. (eds), Das Geheimnis des Jan van Eyck: Die frühen niederländischen Zeichnungen und Gemälde in Dresden exhibition catalogue, München et al.: Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2005: 177ff.
Marx, Harald (ed), Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, 2 vols, Köln: Buchhandlung Walther König, 2005/07: vol. 1 386f., vol. 2 244, gallery n. 799.
Neidhardt, U., and C. Schölzel, "Jan van Eyck’s Dresden Triptych.", in S. Foister et al. (eds), Investigating Jan van Eyck, Turnhout: Brepols, 2000: 25–39.
Neidhardt, U.,"The Development Process of the Dresden Triptych. News and Questions", in Ch. Currie (ed), Van Eyck Studies: Papers presented at the eighteenth symposium for the study of underdrawing and technology in panting, Paris et al.: Peeters Publishers, 2017: 351–366.

Citation of this web page:

Bettina Forger "Flügelaltar (engl. Winged Altar)" in [Discover Carpet Art] , Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;DCA;de;Mus34;4;en&id=paintings

Prepared by: Bettina Forger

MWNF Working Number: DE4_004