© Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia © Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia © Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia © Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia © Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia

Name of Object:

Qur’an Mushaf


Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Holding Museum:

Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia


Hegira 690 / AD 1291

Type of object:


Museum Inventory Number:


Material(s) / Technique(s):

Paper bound in leather and gold stamping


25.2 x 17cm

Period / Dynasty:





This Qur’an has visibly undergone successive stages of rewriting and redecoration, and there are inscriptions which provide dates for some of these. The earliest and the most important inscription in the Qur’an is the one-line colophon, dated Hegira 690/ AD 1291, stating that it was copied by Yaqut al-Musta’simi (d. 1298 AD), one of the most renowned of all Muslim calligraphers. At that time, Yaqut was working for the Mongol Ilkhanid Sultan. Unfortunately, few of the original folios have survived; but, the restoration work, undertaken at the later stage, is beautiful and was executed with great skill. In this mushaf, the opening, middle and end double-page openings are illuminated. The use of bold blue and red pigments on the gold ground continued for centuries, even into the late Qajar period (AH early 14th century / AD 20th century). The wide margins are decorated with stencilled flower and foliage scrolls in gold. The beginning of each juz’ and hizb is marked by a decorative device. The rectangular panels of the Sura headings contain small polychrome lobed arches, which extend into the margin.

Selected bibliography:

Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, Al-Quran: The Sacred Art of Revelation, Kuala Lumpur: IAMM Publications, 2004: 104 – 107.
Islamic Arts Museum Malaysia, IAMM Guide Book, Kuala Lumpur: IAMM Publications, 2014: 32.

Citation of this web page:

 "Qur’an Mushaf" in Explore Islamic Art Collections , Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;EPM;my;Mus21;11;en&id=leatherwork

MWNF Working Number: MY1 11

Related Content

 Artistic Introduction

Islamic Dynasties / Period

On display in

MWNF Galleries


As PDF (including images) As Word (text only)