Name of Object:

Brooch

Location:

Damascus, Syria

Holding Museum:

National Museum of Damascus

Date:

Around hegira 5th–6th century / AD 11th–12th century

Type of object:

Jewellery, brooch, gold

Museum Inventory Number:

ع 5881

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Woven gold.

Dimensions:

Length 7 cm

Period / Dynasty:

Fatimid

Provenance:

Possibly Raqqa, Syria.

Description:

A gold brooch that was designed to hang from the chest by means of a pin attached to the wearer's clothing. It takes the shape of an upside-down heart and was produced from a web of moulded gold. On its frame are tiny rings, from which hang chains that terminate in different forms: a ball, a bird, a crescent-moon and a knot, all fashioned from woven gold filaments.
Throughout the ages, the women of Syria held as important gold and silver jewellery for decoration and self-beautification, as well as a source for financial security. Finds from numerous archaeological sites have included bracelets, armlets, anklets, brooches, earrings, and rings.

View Short Description

How date and origin were established:

This style and quality of ornamentation is typical of the Fatimid period (358–567 / 969–1171) during which time the production of highly refined gold jewellery flourished in Egypt and Syria. Techniques included filigree, granulation, twisted ropes of gold, and occasionally inlay work with gems. Production included bracelets, armlets, earrings, pendants, rings, belts, brooches, and hair ornaments.

How Object was obtained:

Purchased in 1949 in Raqqa.

How provenance was established:

During the Fatimid period, the gold-production centres of Syria and Egypt flourished, particularly in Aleppo and Cairo. It is not possible, therefore, to determine a definitive provenance for this object.

Selected bibliography:

Atil, E. et al, Islamic Metalwork in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington DC, 1985.
Seipel, W., Schätze der Kalifen: Islamische Kunst zur Fatimidenzeit, Wien, 1998, pp.119–20; fig. 78.

Citation of this web page:

Mona al-Moadin "Brooch" in Discover Islamic Art , Museum With No Frontiers, 2017. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;ISL;sy;Mus01;18;en&id=jewellery

Prepared by: Mona Al-Moadin
Translation by: Hilary Kalmbach (from the Arabic)
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: SY 24