© Sadberk Hanım Museum

Name of Object:

Janiform Bottle


Istanbul, Turkey

Holding Museum:

Vehbi Koç Foundation Sadberk Hanim Museum


AD Late 1st century – early 2nd century

Type of object:


Museum Inventory Number:

SHM 9288-ARK 116

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Glass; mould-blown, free blown


Height: 7.70cm; Diameter rim: 2cm

Period / Dynasty:

Roman imperial period


This cosmetic bottle was made of opaque cobalt blue glass. It has a free-blown flat inward-folded rim, cylindrical neck and flat base. The mould-blown body has a male face in relief on each side. One of the faces is thin and long with a serious expression while the other is round and smiling. Iridescent weathering and scratches on the surface. Some chips at the rim. Bottles of this type are named janiform after the double-headed guardian Roman god Janus, who protected the city gate by watching those who entered with one face and those leaving with the other.

How date and origin were established:

By stylistic analysis and material dating

How Object was obtained:

Purchased from a private collection.

Selected bibliography:

Littleton, S. C., Gods, Goddesses and Mythology, New York: Marshall Cavendish, 2005.
Stern, M.E., Roman Mould-blown Glass. The First Through Sixth Centuries, Ohio: Toledo Museum of Art, 1995.
Uygun, D. and Özden Gerçeker, S., Kadim Çağlardan İzler. Sadberk Hanım Müzesi Koleksiyonu / Traces of Ancient Ages, Sadberk Hanım Museum Collection, Istanbul: Sadberk Hanım Museum, Vehbi Koç Vakfı, 2013: 256, no. 138.

Citation of this web page:

Senem Özden Gerçeker "Janiform Bottle" in MWNF GALLERIES , Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;DGA;tr;Mus42;8;en&id=glass

Prepared by: Senem Özden Gerçeker
Copyedited by: Monica Allen

MWNF Working Number: TUR2_008