© Erimtan Archaeology and Arts Museum

Name of Object:

Two-handled Bottle


Ankara, Turkey

Holding Museum:

Erimtan Archaeology and Arts Museum


AD First century

Type of object:

Glass Artefacts

Museum Inventory Number:


Material(s) / Technique(s):

Glass; Free blown; applied handle


Height: 11cm; Diameter rim: 3cm

Period / Dynasty:

Roman Period




Amphoriskos. Boulbous bottle.
This little amphoriskos is a fine sample of the use of the mould-blown glass forming technique. After the free-blowing technique has been found, possibly around in the first quarter of the 1st century BC, the mould-blowing technique has developed and the desired glass forms and patterns were obtained by blowing into glass, terracotta, stone, metal or wood moulds. The use of angular and patterned moulds has usually made it unnecessary to apply additional ornaments. With this technique, mass production of glasses with the same form, measurement, and decoration can be produced by using a single mould. Additionally, the use of the free-blowing technique allowed thinning of the walls and the construction of larger and transparent closed forms.
This amphoriskos (meaning small amphora) was made of transparent blown glass. The handles have been made separately and attached later to the bottle. This type of bottles first appears in the 1st c. AD and continues until the 4th c. AD. The amphoriskos has a brown body in colour, and has a short cylindrical neck. Its rim is broad and flaring; folded over, in and flattened with cut-out underneath. The rod handles were most possibly applied to the upper part of the body, curved up and round, and then pressed on the neck. There are deep tooling impressions on the pads at the base of handles and smaller flattened pads under the handles at the top. It has a globular body and a pushed-in bottom. Its globular body is in an intact situation. The body is partly covered with enamel-like brownish weathering which partly flaked off and left iridescence and faint pitting on the surface.

How date and origin were established:

By stylistic analysis and material dating

How Object was obtained:

By purchase

Selected bibliography:

Baykan, C. and Baykan, D., Eskiçağ’da Cam, İstanbul: Türk Eskiçağ Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yayınları, 2013.
Fleming, S. J., Roman Glass: Reflections on Cultural Change, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1999.
Lightfoot, C. S. and Arslan, M. (eds), Ancient Glass of Asia Minor: The Yüksel Erimtan Collection, Ankara: Ünal Ofset, 1992.
Newby, M. S., Glass of Four Millennia, Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2000.
Özgümüş, Ü. C., Çağlar Boyu Cam Tasarımı, İstanbul: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, 2013.

Citation of this web page:

Ezgi Özdemir, Selma Ünal "Two-handled Bottle" in MWNF GALLERIES , Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;DGA;tr;Mus41;14;en&id=glass

Prepared by: Ezgi Özdemir, Selma Ünal

MWNF Working Number: TUR1_014