Erimtan Archaeology and Arts Museum
AD First or second century
Height: 7.2cm; Diameter bottom: 2.3cm
This is a fine and early example of a series of janiform head-flasks in glass. It was made in a two part mould and each of the two heads (related to the Roman god, Janus) is the same. Such mould-blown janiform bottles seem to originate in the first century AD and widely seen around the Eastern Mediterranean region. Janus masks continued being made into the third and fourth centuries. The janiform bottle has been used as a scent bottle which most probably belonged to the wealthy Roman households. It was used to store aromatic and herbal oils, as well as perfumes.
The double-faced glass bottle is made from clear glass which is light-blue in colour and it has a long cylindrical neck which protrudes from the centre of the head. The head has wavy hair and clear facial features which provide a naturalistic appearance. The bottom of the neck has been flattened so as to make a base for the bottle.
By stylistic analysis and material dating
Baykan, C. and Baykan, D., Eskiçağ’da Cam, İstanbul: Türk Eskiçağ Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yayınları, 2013.
Fleming, S. J., Roman Glass: Reflections on Cultural Change, Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 1999.
Lightfoot, C. S. and Arslan, M. (eds), Ancient Glass of Asia Minor: The Yüksel Erimtan Collection, Ankara: Ünal Ofset, 1992.
Newby, M. S., Glass of Four Millennia, Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2000.
Özgümüş, Ü. C., Çağlar Boyu Cam Tasarımı, İstanbul: Arkeoloji ve Sanat Yayınları, 2013.
Ezgi Özdemir, Selma Ünal "Perfume Bottle" in MWNF GALLERIES , Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;DGA;tr;Mus41;11;en&id=glass
Prepared by: Ezgi Özdemir, Selma Ünal
MWNF Working Number: TUR1_011