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Name of Object:

Convoy of pilgrims

Location:

Istanbul, Turkey

Holding Museum:

Istanbul University, Nadir Eserler Kütüphanesi (Rare Books Library)

Date:

19th century

Type of object:

Photograph

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Photograph

Provenance:

Istanbul

Description:

The Hijaz Railway was a narrow gauge railway (1,050 mm/​3 ft 5 11⁄32 in track gauge) that ran from Damascus to Medina, through the Hijaz region of Saudi Arabia, with a branch line to Haifa on the Mediterranean Sea. It was a part of the Ottoman railway network and was built to extend the line from the Haydarpaşa Terminal in Istanbul beyond Damascus to the holy city of Mecca. It got no further than Medina, 400 kilometres (250 mi) short of Mecca, due to the interruption of the construction works caused by the outbreak of World War I. The main purpose of the railway was to establish a connection between Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire and the seat of the Islamic Caliphate, and Hijaz in Arabia, the site of the holiest shrines of Islam and the holy city of Mecca, the destination of the Hajj annual pilgrimage.

Citation of this web page:

 "Convoy of pilgrims" in Sharing History , Museum With No Frontiers, 2018. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=sh_objects;AWE;tr;113;en&id=communication_and_transportation

MWNF Working Number: TR2 109