Name of Object:



Tunis, Tunisia

Holding Museum:

Bardo Museum


Hegira 3rd–4th centuries / AD 9th–10th centuries

Type of object:

Costumes, wool

Museum Inventory Number:

A 6 bis

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Linen embroidered in wool.


Length 70 cm, width 50 cm to 70 cm; 120 cm (with sleeves)

Period / Dynasty:





This tunic is dyed black. It has a rounded collar and half-length sleeves. The garment opens at the back and can only be donned by first putting the hand into the sleeves. It was probably made for a child and is similar in design to contemporary Coptic clothing. The embroidery occurs where the sleeves join the body and is different on each side.
The right-hand band has a red background on which yellow lines form geometric shapes. These are interspersed with medallion shapes containing stylised vegetable, floral and animal motifs, some could be hares.
In the left-hand band the colours are more varied and the motifs are animal; mainly hares and dogs in blue, green and black. The background is yellow. The two bands are framed with pious inscriptions in angular kufic lettering embroidered in silk. Although they are damaged and almost illegible, we can read;
'Lasting blessings […] sovereignty is with God'.

View Short Description

How date and origin were established:

Tunics dating from the High Muslim era are rare, and this limits our dating criteria. However, based on the decoration and the type of script, we can date this object fairly accurately from the 3rd–4th / 9th–10th centuries.

How Object was obtained:

This garment was bought from an antique dealership in Cairo in 1958 by H. H. Abdelwahab, former Director of the National Institute of Art and Archaeology. He donated it to the Bardo Museum in 1962.

How provenance was established:

Stylistic analysis.

Selected bibliography:

Skik, K., Musée du Bardo, département musulman, Tunis, 1974, p.16, fig. 6.

Citation of this web page:

Mourad Rammah "Tunic" in Discover Islamic Art , Museum With No Frontiers, 2019.;ISL;tn;Mus01_A;47;en&id=clothing_and_costume

Prepared by: Mourad RammahMourad Rammah

Né en 1953 à Kairouan, docteur en archéologie islamique, Mourad Rammah est le conservateur de la médina de Kairouan. Lauréat du prix Agha Khan d'architecture, il publie divers articles sur l'histoire de l'archéologie médiévale islamique en Tunisie et participe à différentes expositions sur l'architecture islamique. De 1982 à 1994, il est en charge du département de muséographie du Centre des arts et des civilisations islamiques. Mourad Rammah est également directeur du Centre des manuscrits de Kairouan.

Copyedited by: Margot Cortez
Translation by: David Ash
Translation copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: TN 74