Name of Object:

Door lintel


Madaba, Jordan

Holding Museum:

Madaba Archaeological Museum


Hegira 2nd century / AD 8th century

Type of object:

Door, lintel, stone

Museum Inventory Number:

M. 4977

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Carved limestone.


Height 63 cm, Length 2.30 m

Period / Dynasty:



Umm al-Walid, Jordan.


A lintel that once adorned the top of a doorway of an Umayyad palace at Umm al-Walid. Worked in shallow stucco relief, this rare object appears to be more one-dimensional like a painting, than a two-dimensional work in relief. The scene depicts a panther chasing a gazelle, a reminder of the wild animals that once roamed the countryside during the Umayyad period, creatures that were game to courtly hunts organised for amusement.

View Short Description

How date and origin were established:

The building is dated to the Umayyad period on archaeological grounds. The plan of the palace, together with the pottery and metal objects found on the site, indicate that the palace was built in the Umayyad period.

How Object was obtained:

The object was obtained in 1996 during archaeological excavations at Umm al-Walid, which lies 15 km south-east of Madaba, where a mosque was also uncovered.

How provenance was established:

The provenance is known because the lintel was uncovered on site during an archaeological excavation.

Selected bibliography:

Bujard, J., “Umm al-Walid et Khan Ez-Zabib : Cinq Qusur omeyyades et leur mosquée revisités”, Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan, XLI, 1997, pp.351–74.

Citation of this web page:

Aida Naghawy "Door lintel" in Discover Islamic Art , Museum With No Frontiers, 2019.;ISL;jo;Mus01_A;11;en&id=architectural_elements

Prepared by: Aida NaghawyAida Naghawy

Aida Naghawy is an archaeologist and the Director of Jordan Archaeological Museum. She studied archaeology at the University of Jordan where she gained her MA. She was affiliated to the Jordanian Department of Antiquities from 1974 as a curator of Jordan Archaeological Museum. In 1981 she became inspector of Jerash antiquities and co-ordinator of the Jerash International Rehabilitation project. She was also head of the archaeological awareness section at the Department of Antiquities. Aida is the author of numerous publications on Islamic coins. She has carried out excavation work in Jerash and is the founder of Jerash Archaeological Museum and the Islamic Museum of the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs.

Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez

MWNF Working Number: JO 15