Jordan Archaeological Museum
Hegira 2nd century / AD 8th century
Height 44 cm, length 2.18 m, depth 42.5 cm
Qasr al-Tuba, Jordan.
A door lintel, decorated with a very deep, undercut floral pattern comprising a central rosette flanked by intertwined foliage, scrolls filled with palmettes, pines and grapes, all arranged in a panel surrounded by pearling.
This type of floral pattern was very common during the Umayyad period and is seen throughout the decorative arts. Similar carved patterns adorned the Qasr al-Mushatta (now at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin).
The function of this lintel is purely aesthetic; it would reside on the upper part of a decorated doorway.
The lintel was a part of a building, dated approximately to the 2nd / 8th century; the date has also been established through historical inferences.
According to the Museum inventory number, the lintel was transferred from Qasr al-Tuba to the Museum during the 1950s by the Department of Antiquities of Jordan.
The provenance is known because this door lintel was found on the site of Qasr al-Tuba.
Creswell, K. A. C., Early Muslim Architecture, Vol. I, Oxford, 1932, p.376, plate 80/A.
Aida Naghawy "Door lintel" in Discover Islamic Art , Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. http://www.museumwnf.org/thematicgallery/thg_galleries/database_item.php?itemId=objects;ISL;jo;Mus01;10;en&id=architectural_elements
Prepared by: Aida NaghawyAida Naghawy
Aida Naghawy is an archaeologist and the Director of Jordan Archaeological Museum. She studied archaeology at the University of Jordan where she gained her MA. She was affiliated to the Jordanian Department of Antiquities from 1974 as a curator of Jordan Archaeological Museum. In 1981 she became inspector of Jerash antiquities and co-ordinator of the Jerash International Rehabilitation project. She was also head of the archaeological awareness section at the Department of Antiquities. Aida is the author of numerous publications on Islamic coins. She has carried out excavation work in Jerash and is the founder of Jerash Archaeological Museum and the Islamic Museum of the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs.
Copyedited by: Mandi Gomez
MWNF Working Number: JO 13